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National Conference in Closed- Sessions over National Security

Twice on Wednesday, and for the first time since the National Conference was inaugurated on March 17, delegates to the conference held closed-door sessions to
discuss issues bordering on national security.
The first session which started at about 9.30 am was meant to consider the Report of the Conference Committee on
National Security headed by a former Inspector General of Police, Mr. Muhammmed Gambo Jimeta and former Director General of the National Intelligence Agency, Chief Albert Horsfall.
As Conference resumed in the afternoon to consider the recommendations contained in the report and some
proposed amendments, information about plans by Boko Haram to burn down 50 communities in Borno State was raised and discussed by the delegates.
As the discussion progressed, news of a bomb blast at a shopping complex in Abuja was received by the delegates.
After deep discussions, the Principal Officers of the Conference agreed that a closed session to discuss the Boko Haram phenomenon would hold on Thursday morning.
However, the plan changed when Femi Falana, SAN, raised an objection to the arrangements and asked the Conference
to reconsider its position and go into a close session immediately in view of the seriousness of the issues involved.
At this point, Chairman of the Conference and former Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Idris Kutigi, GCON, mandated his
Deputy and former Minister of External Affairs, Professor Bolaji Akinyemi, to clear the gallery and proceed with the
closed-door session where delegates discussed freely on Boko Haram.

The session started with a retired general who led the Conference through the strategies involved in the war against Boko Haram. He traced the history of the
insurgency and dazed delegates with information on what should have been done at the beginning that were not done.
In addition to poor intelligence gathering, he said low morale among the soldiers from remuneration to kitting, to
provision of ammunitions were responsible for failure in the war against Boko Haram.

He said in fighting war against a group that exists in splinters, a group whose membership exists principally in the imaginations, would require extreme intelligent gathering and implementation without any attempt at politicking with facts.

Another speaker, a politician, said Boko Haram is thriving because they have been allowed to outsmart security agents in the area of funding and morale-boosting.
It was his view that people entrusted with the management of funds and proper application of other forms of resources
meant to combat insecurity in the country have diverted such resources to personal use; a development which has resulted in the current state of affairs.
Another delegate, a journalist, said the growth and strength of Boko Haram were based on the wrong impression that
the violent sect is a northern conspiracy against the southern parts of the country; especially the South South.

According to him, such a belief and other misconceptions have made the war against Boko Haram a failure when
actually the real victim in the entire bloody affair is the Nigerian State.

I don’t believe Boko Haram is a Nigerian issue, said one of the outspoken female delegates from the far north.
She explained further: I believe Nigeria is being invaded. But because we have massacred ourselves already, we are not organized to confront them. We must be
united with government against terror. We are facing a declaration of war.
Another delegate, a former ambassador, said the seeming failure of the war against Boko Haram was traceable to the
inability to implement recommendations contained in various reports submitted to government by different formal
and informal groups.

He said: We must know how this thing started. We must know who the sponsors are. We must know the people
involved. We must know the mission of Boko Haram.
The delegate disclosed that Boko Haram has grown to a level where its funding is offshore; its weapons accumulation is offshore; its training is offshore and its
strategy is offshore.
It was also disclosed that the war against Boko Haram cannot be won purely by military might except the country
improves on its intelligence gathering method and most importantly win the hearts of the people.
A Christian religious leader in his contribution said it was time for everyone to open up on the issue of Boko Haram
rather than pretend that nobody knows where the executors of the insurgency live or how they get their food. These
insurgents, according to him, are no spirits. They live among the people, interact with the people and get their
supplies from the people and communities. The genuine involvement of the local communities will go a long way in tackling the problem.
He said, Boko Haram phenomenon is not a northern phenomenon. Boko Haram is a Nigerian phenomenon. A time has come for us to unmask the masquerade. A time
has come for someone to tell us the home truth about Boko Haram.
The delegate challenged his colleagues and other Nigerians especially those from the operational base of Boko Haram
to locate the source of Boko Haram and identify who does the recruitment and expose the members to ideological
thoughts.
It was his view that if the war against terror must be won, the sponsors who give the terrorists weapons that are even
superior to those used by the military must be exposed; even the parents who handover their children to be so
radicalized must be brought to book.
Another delegate from the North East said the action of security men who carry out reprisal attacks on communities
where Boko Haram carry out their operation contributed to the lack of confidence and trust being exhibited by the people.
He said there was need to show genuine concern to the people and communities attacked by Boko Haram; and there must be concerted effort by the leadership of the country to show that the people deserve the required care and compassion.

It was also suggested that those who divert monies meant for security matters must be made to face the law if the
trend must stop and if the security agencies must have the
required equipment and logistics. The morale of the countries security agencies and forces must receive adequate boost and the people must enjoy the trust and
confidence of the leadership as a first step to fighting
insurgency and other forms of criminal activities in the country, it was recommended.

Signed
Akpandem james
Assistant secretary, media and communication

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