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Landmark Achievements In Nigeria Since 1914

amalgamation of the Northern and Southern
protectorates.
1918: The Adubi War is fought in Egba Land,
the first major revolt against Lord Lugard’s
government.
1923: Herbert Macaulay establishes the
Nigerian National Democratic Party, NNDP the
first political party in the country.
1929: Aba women riots against introduction of
tax by the colonial government.
1946: Nigeria entered a period of
decolonization and growing Nigerian
nationalism with the introduction of regional
governments giving Nigerians more
opportunities in government.
1950: A conference of northern and southern
delegates was held in Ibadan preceding the
London Constitutional conference.
1953: The London Constitutional Conference.
1957: Nigeria held a Constitutional conference
in Lagos where the North claimed it was not
ready for independence resulting in the booing
of Northern delegates by Nigerians in the
gallery.

1957: Self government introduced in the West
and East regions.
1959: Self government introduced in the
Northern Region.
1959: Nigeria holds its first national election
to set up an independent government.
Northern politicians won amajority of seats in
the Parliament.
October 1960: Nigeria Gains independence
from Britain
October 1963: Nigeria becomes a Republic and
cuts judicial ties with the Privy Council in
Britain.
1962-1963 – Controversial census fuels
regional and ethnic tensions.
January 1966: First military coup led by Maj.
Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogu
July 1966: Counter coup by Lt-Col Yakubu
Gowon.
May 1967: Nigerian Civil War starts.
May 1967: Gowon divides Four Regions into
12 states.
Jan. 1970: Nigerian Civil War ends.
1972: Nigeria changes currency from Pound to
Naira, introduces metric system.
1973: Nigeria switches from left- to right-
hand driving.
1973: Nigeria hosts All-Africa Games
1973: Nigeria inaugurates National Youth
Service Corps
1974: Gowon says democracy is no longer
feasible in 1976
1975: Birth of Economic Community of West
African States.
July 1975: Brig. Murtala Mohammed leads a
coup that topples Gowon
1976: Murtala increases states to 19
Feb. 1976: Murtala killed in failed military
coup, Olusegun Obasanjo takes over.
1977: Nigeria hosts second Black and African
Festival of arts and culture.
Oct. 1979: Obasanjo hands over power to
Shehu Shagari, Second Republic begins.
1980: Nigeria hosts and wins African Nations
Cup for first time
Dec. 1983: Gen. Muhammadu Buhari topples
Shagari in military coup
August 1985: Gen. Ibrahim Babangida ousts
Buhari in military putsch.
1985: Nigeria wins first-ever global soccer
title (U-16 FIFA/KODAK CUP).
1987: Failed military coup led by Maj.-Gen.
Mamman Vatsa
1987: Babangida creates two new states,
Akwa Ibom and Katsina.
1990: Failed military coup led by Maj. Gideon
Orkar
1990: Nigeria spearheads formation of
ECOMOG
1991: Babangida creates nine more states,
bringing total number of states to 30
June 1993: After a landmark presidential
election believed to have been won by
Moshood Abiola, Babangida annuls the
election and proposes an interim national
government headed by Chief Ernest Shonekan.
August 1993: Ernest Shonekan assumes office
as head of interim government.
November 1993: Gen. Sani Abacha seizes
power from Shonekan.
1995: Commonwealth Slaps Sanctions on
Nigeria after killing of environmental activist,
Ken Saro-Wiwa.
1995: Government announces aborted ‘Coup’
against Abacha, Obasanjo and former deputy,
Shehu Musa Yar`Adua incarcerated.
1996: Abacha increases states to 36.
1996: Nigeria wins first Olympic gold medals
in long jump and soccer
1997: Another ‘coup’ against Abacha foiled
8 June 1998: Abacha dies suddenly, Gen.
Abdulsalami Abubakar assumes office
29 May 1999: Abdulsalami cedes power to
Obasanjo at the commencement of the Fourth
Republic.
1999: Nigeria hosts World Youth Soccer
Championship.
2000: Nigeria Co-hosts African Nations Cup
with Ghana.
2000 – Adoption of Islamic, or Sharia, law by
several northern states in the face of
opposition from Christians
breeds tension across Northern Nigeria
leading to riots across Northern Nigeria.
2002: Religious riots erupt over the Miss
World.
2002: The International Court of Justice (ICJ)
ruled against Nigeria in favor of Cameroon
over the disputed oil-rich Bakassi peninsula.
Feb 2002 – Some 100 people are killed in
Lagos in clashes between Hausas from
mainly-Islamic north and ethnic Yorubas from
predominantly-Christian southwest.
2002 November – More than 200 people die
in four days of rioting stoked by Muslim fury
over the planned Miss World beauty pageant
in Kaduna in December. The event is relocated
to Britain.
April 2003 – First legislative elections since
end of military rule in 1999. Polling marked by
delays, allegations of ballot-rigging. President
Obasanjo’s People’s Democratic Party wins
parliamentary majority.
2003: Obasanjo wins re-election as
President .
2003 July – Nationwide general strike called
off after nine days after government agrees to
lower recently-increased fuel prices.
2003 August – Warri riots at least 100
persons killed, 1,000 injured.
2003 September – Nigeria’s first satellite,
NigeriaSat-1, launched by Russian rocket.
2004 January – UN brokers talks between
Nigeria and Cameroon about disputed border.
Both sides agree to jointsecurity patrols.
2004: Obasanjo declared a state of
emergency in response to the eruption of
ethno religious violence in Plateau State .
2004 August-September – Deadly clashes
between gangs in oil city of Port Harcourt
prompts strong crackdown by troops. Rights
group Amnesty International cites death toll of
500, authorities say about 20 died.
2005 July – Paris Club of rich lenders agrees
to write off two-thirds of Nigeria’s $30bn
foreign debt.
January 2006 – Militants in the Niger Delta
launch attacks against pipelines and
commence kidnapping of foreign oil workers.
Militants demand more control over the
region’s oil wealth.
February 2006 – More than 100 persons are
killed when religious violence flares in mainly-
Muslim towns in the north and reprisal attacks
in Onitsha.
2006 April – Helped by record oil prices,
Nigeria becomes the first African nation to pay
off its debt to the Paris Club of rich lenders.
2006 May – The Senate rejects proposed
changes to the constitution which would have
allowed President Obasanjo to stand for a
third term in 2007.
2006 October – Spiritual leader of Nigeria’s
millions of Muslims, the Sultan of Sokoto, is
killed in a plane crash, the country’s third
major civilian air disaster in a year.
April 2007: Umaru Yar’Adua , Governor of
Katsina State elected President.
2008 August – Following agreement reached
in March, Nigeria finally hands over the
Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon, ending a
long-standing dispute.
2008 November – At least 200 people are
killed during clashes between Christians and
Muslims in the central Nigerian town of Jos.
2009 January – The main militant group in
Niger Delta, Mend, calls off four-month cease-
fire after army attacks camp of an allied
group.
2009 May – Niger Delta militant group Mend
rejects government offer of amnesty and
declares offensive against Nigerian military.
2009 July – Hundreds die in northeastern
Nigeria after the Boko Haram Islamist
movement launches a campaign of violence in
a bid to have Sharia law imposed on the
entire country. Security forces storm Boko
Haram’s stronghold and kill the movement’s
leader.
2009 August – Two-month offer of a
government amnesty for Niger Delta militants
comes into force.
2009 November – President Yar’Adua travels
to Saudi Arabia for medical treatment. His
extended absence triggers a constitutional
crisis and leads to calls for him to step down.
Feb. 2010: Senate proclaims Doctrine of
Necessity allowing Vice-President Goodluck
Jonathan to step in as Acting President
without a formal letter from President
Yar‘Adua.
Feb. 2010: Ailing President Yar‘Adua was
returned secretly into the country by his
handlers but only few persons are allowed to
see him.
April 2010: Acting President Jonathan
dissolves Yar‘Adua’s cabinet and constitutes
a new cabinet.
May 2010: Yar‘Adua dies in Aso Rock,
Jonathan sworn in as President.
Sept 2010: Jonathan says he will seek
election as president.
Jan 2011 Jonathan chosen as presidential
flag bearer of the ruling PDP.
April 2011: Jonathan wins presidential
election. Victory triggers violence in some
parts of the north.
August 2011: The United Nations offices in
Abuja bombed by Boko Haram terrorist group.
Nov 2011: Biafran leader Chukwuemeka
Odumegwu-Ojukwu dies after a protracted
illness in London at 78.
Dec 2011: Boko Haram group bombs a
Catholic Church in Madala on Christmas Day
January 2012 – Fuel price hike stirs
nationwide lockdown for more than one week
forcing a government climb down.
January 2012: Boko Haram attack on Kano
leads to more than 100 deaths including
uprising Channels broadcast journalist,
Eneche Akogwu.
March 2012 Ojukwu accorded State burial.
March 2013 Father of African literature, Prof
Chinua Achebe dies at 82.
Oct 2013: President Jonathan announces
plans to hold a national conference.

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